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December, 19 2020 : The issue of climate change has long been the subject of intense discussion. Especially the industrialized countries have started standing in favor of climate-centric development.

If this issue is not addressed in time, it will create a crisis on the very existence of the world.
The melting of huge glaciers at the North and South Poles, rising sea levels, unusual seasonal fluctuations, rising temperatures, depletion of the ozone layer, unexpected fires, and fires are worrying the world community.

The main cause of these incidents can be considered as industrial pollution. Countries with large industrial and biofuel-powered vehicles are the main polluters. The amount of pollution emitted from small, weak and underdeveloped nations is naturally low.

Currently, the 20 most developed industrialized nations are among the most energy consuming countries in the world.
Leading nations on this complex issue of climate change are the United States, China, India, Japan and European countries. Moreover, the multifaceted relationship between China and the United States is affecting the environment. US President-elect Joe Biden’s policy on China can also be seen in terms of climate change.

However, Biden has announced before and after the election that the United States will re-enter the Paris Agreement on climate change. But within the United States, it will also matter how positively the Republican Party views Biden’s proposal. China, which has a huge industrial structure, has already said it will accept the Paris Agreement.

If the world’s two largest carbon-emitting nations, China and the United States, do not work together to address the issue of climate change, it will only create catastrophes. On the other hand, the ongoing Sino-US geopolitical rivalry could overshadow the issue of common interest in climate change, says Minchin Pei, a professor at Clarity Kakkina College in the United States.

“Apart from being the world’s largest emitter of carbon dioxide, China is also the world’s largest consumer of coal,” he said. China currently accounts for about 52 percent of the world’s coal. China’s middle class is now demanding green and clean energy instead of coal. International pressure on China is also mounting.

China also seems to have come up with new strategies to address the issue of climate change. At a recent UN-led summit on climate aspirations, Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and become a carbon-neutral nation by 2060.

He put forward an ambitious plan to meet the climate target by 2030. It will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 65 percent of gross domestic product (GDP per unit), make renewable energy a quarter of primary energy consumption, and increase the total wind and solar capacity to 1.2 billion kilowatts (three times the total installed capacity in 2019). Is It will improve China’s international image and put pressure on the United States.

China has not yet announced a second strategy. China could propose a cooperative, non-controversial international dialogue and tax cuts. The issue of the 30 percent tax imposed on Chinese solar panels by US President Donald Trump’s administration and the US ban on technology transfer are a headache for China. In addition to these realistic demands, China’s current leadership will continue to raise the issue of human rights in an effort to silence the West’s voice against China.
China’s two policies will put pressure on Biden. But if Biden fails to withstand the pressure created by the Republican Party, there is a danger that there will be little progress on issues such as tax cuts or technology transfers. Instead, Biden will focus on Chinese human rights and geopolitical issues.

In such a situation, the US will be blamed, and the US will tarnish its image in the world community and China’s position will be strengthened. But in either case, the climate scenario will be truly catastrophic. Professor Minchin Pei says, “The Biden administration has no choice but to consider this fact in time and move forward, and it would be wise to make every effort possible.”

Recently, the European Union made a historic decision to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 55 percent by 2030, and Japan is set to announce a similar policy. Although many countries are emphasizing on green energy, there is a challenge to do more to bring the production and use of this energy to the masses.

Especially industrialized and technologically advanced countries would pay special attention to promote the use of these energies. The Paris Agreement on Climate Change, signed in Paris on December 12, 2015, states that global temperatures will be reduced by 2 degrees Celsius on the basis of pre-industrial time. The treaty, which is considered legally binding, was signed by 196 nations. (Based on international news)

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