Participants at Libya’s UN-sponsored peace talks have approved a list of candidates seeking to lead a transitional government that will prepare the North African state for a national election at the end of 2021, the United Nations said. The transitional government will oversee preparations for the vote that aims to end a decade of chaos and conflict that has left Libya split down the middle and hammered its vital oil exports on which the country’s economy depends.
The 75 participants at talks in Switzerland, ranging from regional and tribal figures to representatives of political factions, will vote next week to pick a three-person presidential council and a prime minister. They will pick from 24 candidates for the three presidential council posts, while 21 people are vying for the post of the prime minister, according to the UN list released on Saturday.
While UN-backed talks have progressed, many Libyans fear competition for posts could yet trigger fresh fighting, unraveling a ceasefire that has largely held since October. Libya has been riven since Muammar Gaddafi was toppled in 2011. And since 2014, control of Libya has been split between an internationally recognized government in the west, based in the capital Tripoli, and its opponents based in Benghazi in the east.
Each side has also grappled with internal divisions, while armed groups have seized control of key state institutions. In the chaos, foreign powers have backed rival camps. Turkey has supported the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli, while Russia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt have backed Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) in the east.
Participants at the UN talks agreed to a formula for voting on the candidates for the transitional government this month. The list of approved candidates includes Aguila Saleh, head of the eastern-based parliament, while they also include the GNA’s Interior Minister Fathi Bashagha, Defense Minister Saleh Namroush, and Deputy Prime Minister Ahmed Maiteeg.