There are at least 109 mountains on the Earth with the height of 7, 200 meters (23,622 ft) from the sea level. The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highe st above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on the land by this measure. Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain with the height of 4,207m (13,802 ft) above the sea level.
As we all know that, the highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest which lies in the Nepal. And the second highest peak is K2 which lies in the Pakistan. But very few people know that, in top 10 highest mountains, top 8 highest mountains of the world lies in the Nepal. Second and ninth highest mountain lies in the Pakistan. Expect them all the top 8 mountains lies in the same country Nepal. The lists of top 10 highest mountain of the world are given below.
- Mount Everest:- The highest peak of the world Mount Everest is 8848.86 meters above from the sea level, which lies on the Nepal and Tibet boarder, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. “Sagarmath” is the Nepali name given to the Everest and the name given byt Tibetan is Chomolungma. The name Mt Everest was given by ‘Sir George Everest’ who tried to locate the exact position of the peak. The first person to climb the highest peak of the world Mt Everest is Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund HIllary in May 1953. Mt Everest base camp is the most popular trekking area in this region with different species of flora and fauna inside the Sagarmatha National Park. This Sagarmath National Park is also enlisted in the World Heritage site by UNESCO. Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, HImalayan black Deer Langur Monkeys, Martens, Himalayan wolves and Himalayan Thar are some rare animals found in this park.
- Mount K2( KARAKORAM):- K2 Mountain is the second highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest, with the height of 8,611 meters from the sea level. This mount lies in the Pakistan, also nicknamed as ‘Savage Mountain’ which is cool in a slightly Point Break, over-the-top extreme kind of way. The name of this mountain took from the nation, used by the Great Trigonometrically Survey of British India. This mountain is one of the toughest mountains to climb, notoriously harder than Mount Everest. Around 300 people are able to be success and 77 people lost their life on this mountain. People have never been tried of climbing this mountain in the winter. The base camp of this mountain lies in both Pakistan and China but people tend to choose a route from the Pakistan rather than China for climbing.
- Mount Kanchenjunga:- Mount Kanchenjunga holds the third position in the top 10 highest mountain with the height of 8586 meters. This mountain lies in Taplejung District in Nepal. Though this mountain lies in the third position in the world, it is the second highest peak in the Nepal after the Mt Everest. This mountain is also known as “The Five Treasure of Snow” because it is blessed with five treasures of God, they are gold, silver, gems, grains and holy books. The first people to climb this mountain successfully are Joe Brown and George Band in 1955. There is a Kanchenjunga National Park which was enlisted in UNESCO. There are four routes for this mountain. Among them three are from Nepal and they three are considered as the safest route. Base camp of this mountain located in Taplejung, Nepal. Mount Kanchenjunga is also taken as Religious Mountain, and said as the home of the mountain deity.
- Mount Lhotse:- Mount Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world and the third highest mountain in the Nepal. The height of this mountain is 8516 meters from the sea level. Mount Lhotse is one of the more famous and beautiful mountains on the list of the top 10 highest mountains of the world because of its proximity to Mount Everest. This mountain is in the south of the Mount Everest in the Khumbu region. Mount Lhotse is also considered as the deadliest mountain in the world because of many failed attempts and fatalities while trying to climb. Also because of Khumbu’s icefall Mount Lhotse is the most dangerous mount to climb. Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss is the first person to climb Mount Lhotse in 1956.
- Mount Makalu:- Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world with the height of 8485 meters, which is also fourth highest mountain of Nepal. This mount lies on the Mahalangur range, which is 19 km southeast from the Mount Everest. This mountain is four sided pyramid which has very sharp edges and steep pitches, so it is quite difficult to climb. In1955, Mt Lionel Terray and his partner Jean Couzy successfully climbed Mount Makalu. The route from west is wonderful and enjoyable, that’s why trekkers choose western route to climb this mountain. It may take around 65 days to climb this mountain. This mountain is full of natural beauties. There are 25 different species of Rhododendron, 3,128 different species of flowers, 88 different species of mammals and 440 different species of birds.
- Mount Cho Oyu:- Mount Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world and fifth highest mountain in Nepal with 8201 meters from sea level. This mountain lies on the boarder of Nepal and China. This mountain range is in the Mahalangur range and 20 km far away from Mount Everest. H. Tichy, S. Jochler and Mr. Pasang Lama were the first person to reach on the top of this mountain in October 1954. Tibetan calls this mountain with the name of “Turquoise Goddess”. There are three sides to climb this mountain and climbers go from all three sides, northeast, southeast and northwest. This mountain is not that hard; so many trekkers climb this mount Cho Oyu as a practice before climbing Mount Everest. September to November is considered as the best months to climb this mountain.
- Mount Dhaulagiri:- Mount Dhaulagiri holds the seventh position in the highest mountain of the world and sixth position in Nepal with 8167 meters height from the sea level. The name Dhaulagiri stands for “White Mountain”, which is one of the eight thousands list. Dhaulagiri has become the pivot point to the tourists and climbers. The first people to climb mount Dhaulagiri were K. Diemberger, P.Diener, Nyima Dorji and Nawang Dorji in May, 1960. The route through Dhaulagiri goes through the world’s deepest gorge Kali Gandaki. The best time for trekking to Dhaulagiri is winter and best views can be seen at this time. The name Dhaulagiri is derived from the Sanskrit word Dazing, which mean white and beauty.
- Mount Manaslu:- The eight highest mountain of the world is Mount Manaslu and it lies in the seventh highest mountain in Nepal with the height of 8163 meters. The meaning of Manaslu is “Mountain of the Spirit”. This mountain is surrounded by rock hard ice, which covers a large area at the bottom of the mountain. The first person to climb this beautiful mountain is T. Manisha from Japan in 1956. Due to this, mount Manaslu is famous among the Japanese people. The Sanskrit meaning of Manaslu is ‘soul’. This mountain lies in the Gorkha district of Nepal. The trekking of this mountain was started from 1991. There is a Manaslu Conservation area where many plants and animals were protected in this conservation area.
- Nanga Parbat:- Nanga Parbat holds the ninth position in the highest mountain of the world with 8125 meters height. This mountain is the second highest mountain in Pakistan after mount K2 which is world second highest mountain. The Sanskrit meaning of Nanga Parbat is “Naked Mountain”. It is also known as the killer mountain because many of the climbers have been died while climbing this mountain. The Australian climber, Mr. Hermann Bahi was the first person to climb this mountain in 1953.
- Mount Annapurna:- The tenth highest mountain of the world is Mount Annapurna and last in the list of top 10 highest mountains in the world with 8091 meters. This mountain lies in the eight highest mountain of Nepal. It is the Sanskrit name of Mount Annapurna which refers to the Goddess of the Harvests. This mountain is also known as the dangerous mountain for climbing. The first climber from the France M. Herzog and L. Lachenal climbed the mountain on 3 June 1950 for the first time. The first and largest conservation area of Nepal is Annapurna Conservation Area which is 7629 sq. Km, which covers many towns like Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi and Lamjung.
Source: Sapsu travel.