SWAYAMBHUNATH

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              Swayambhunath is one of the oldest and the holiest pilgrimage for Buddhist people in Nepal. It lies in the Kathmandu valley, on a top of a hill. The name given by the Tibetan is ‘Sublime trees’, because many varieties of trees are found on the hill. For the Newar Buddhist, those whose mythological history and origin myth as well as day-to-day religious practice Swayambhunath occupies a central position, it is probably the most sacred among the Buddhist pilgrimage. This stupa is also known as the monkey temple because we can see many monkeys over there who scamper about the temple at night after the pilgrims and priest have departed. 

     Legends say that once the Kathmandu valley was a lake in which Swayambhu hill existed as an Island. On the top of the hill, there stood a natural crystal stupa. When Buddha visited the place, he declared that it was a wish-fulfilling stupa and whoever is touched by the wind that passes over the stupa receives the seed of liberation from the cycle of existence. Buddhist monk from China drained the lake and made the crystal stupa accessible for people. Throughout the centuries countless Buddhist masters from India, Sri Lanka, Tibet and China have visited the stupa. The meaning of Swayambhu is ‘Self-Manifested’ or Self-Sprung’.

   This place consists of a stupa and a variety of shrines and temples, some dating back to the Licchavi period. A Tibetan monastery, museum and library are more recent additions. There are also small shops, restaurants and hotels. This site has two access points; a long staircase leading directly to the main platform of the temple, which is from the top of the hill to the east; and vehicles around the hill from the south leading to the south-west entrance. The stupa has Buddha’s eyes looking in all four directions and eyebrows painted on. The number one is painted in the fashion of a nose between them. There are pentagonal toran present above each of the four sides with statues engraved in them. 

         This place consists of a stupa and a variety of shrines and temples, some dating back to the Licchavi period. A Tibetan monastery, museum and library are more recent additions. There are also small shops, restaurants and hotels. This site has two access points; a long staircase leading directly to the main platform of the temple, which is from the top of the hill to the east; and vehicles around the hill from the south leading to the south-west entrance. The stupa has Buddha’s eyes looking in all four directions and eyebrows painted on. The number one is painted in the fashion of a nose between them. There are pentagonal toran present above each of the four sides with statues engraved in them. 

                   Although the site is considered as the Buddhist, the place is revered by both Hindus and Buddhists. Many Hindu devotees go there to visit the site and look-out the stupa. Many Hindu monarch followers had paid their homage to the temple for the construction of the eastern stairway in the 17th century. The Swayambhu Shrine was re-gilded using 20 kg of gold. The renovation was founded by the Tibetan Nyingma Meditation Center of California and started in June 2008. 

                         This place is also known as a tourist area. From different countries people come to visit this place. This place represents Buddha’s mind so it is believed as meeting with Buddha in person after visiting here. It offers peace, freedom and joy to the world and helps us to obtain perfect enlightenment. As this place lies on the top of a hill, this place is also known as the view tower of Kathmandu valley. We can see the maximum side of Kathmandu valley. So the tourists come here to see the beauties’ of nature as well as the capital city of our country Nepal. There are also good facilities for road-ways, hotels, cafes and parking areas for two wheelers as well as four wheelers. This place gets crowded by thousands of people everyday. 

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