Myanmar’s military regime braced for a seventh straight day of street protests on Friday, after Washington announced sanctions on leaders of the coup that ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi. A torrent of anger and defiance has brought tens of thousands of people out in nationwide rallies demanding the country’s generals relinquish power.
Demonstrations have so far largely been peaceful, but police have used tear gas, water cannon and rubber bullets on protesters – with isolated reporters of live rounds being fired at crowds. On Friday, protesters welcomed the US decision hours earlier imposing new sanctions against Myanmar the country’s top military officials who ordered this month’s coup.
US President Joe Biden signed an executive order that allowed the Treasury Department to also target the spouses and adult children of those being sanctioned. “As a part of today’s action, Treasury is designating 10 current and former military officials responsible for the February 1, 2021 coup or associated with the Burmese military regime,” the US Treasury said in a statement announcing the sanctions. The sanctions name top military commander Min Aung Hlaing and his deputy Soe Win, as well as four members of the State Administration Council.
The move will prevent the generals from accessing more than $1bn in Myanmar government funds held in the United States. The sanctions also will affect the Myanmar Ruby Enterprise and Myanmar Imperial Jade Co, businesses controlled by the regime. President Win Myint, de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other civilian officials were arrested in what Biden administration said earlier this month was a coup. The declaration set the stage for the administration to levy the new sanctions.
“Today’s sanctions need not be permanent,” the White House said in a statement. “Burma’s military should immediately restore power to the democratically elected government, end the state of emergency, release all those unjustly detained, and ensure peaceful protestors are not met with violence.”
In a separate statement of social media, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken called on the generals “to relinquish power, restore the democratically elected government, and release those unjustly detained.” While welcoming the sanctions, supporters of detained leader Suu Kyi and her party, National League for Democracy (NLD), said tougher action was needed to push the military out of power and force it to recognise the NLD’s landslide victory in November elections.
“We are hoping for more actions than this as we are suffering every day and night of the military coup here in Myanmar, ” Suu Kyi supporter Moe Thal, 29, told Reuters news agency on Friday. “We want to finish this ASAP. We may need more punishment and action against Myanmar’s acting president and generals.”
The military cited unsubstantiated allegations of electoral fraud as part of the reason for the February 1 takeover of the government and declaration of a one-year state of emergency. The generals have maintained the actions are legally justified, and have cited an article in the Constitution that allows the military to take over in times of emergency.
It remains to be seen what, if any, affect the sanctions will have. Many of the military leaders are already under sanctions because of attacks against the mostly Muslim Rohingya minority.
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said the US is “prepared to take additional action should Burma’s military not change course. If there is more violence against peaceful protestors, the Burmese military will find that today’s sanctions are just the first.”
The White House also announced that USAID, the US foreign development agency, is redirecting $42.4m of assistance that had been slated for Myanmar, funding that was intended to support efforts to overhaul the nation’s economic policy, as well as programmes that support civil society and the private sector.
USAID, however, is keeping in place $69m to support healthcare, food security, independent media, and peace and reconciliation efforts. Meanwhile, arrests and detentions continue across Myanmar against those who are suspected of expressing their opposition to the military rule.
One social media posted on Friday showed a man being taken away by authorities, as his daughter confronted them, saying his father is not a criminal. At the same time, the government announced that at least 23,000 prisoners have been pardoned, or have been issued shorter sentences.
The order is signed by Min Aung Hlaing, the chairman of the military junta government. According to reports, among those included in the pardon is the controversial Buddhist monk, Wirathu, who has a history of inciting violence against minority Muslims in the country including the Rohingya. There is a serious concern that the release of the prisoners is meant to clear space for the detention of more political detainees and anti-military protesters.