Nepali cardamom variety has been identified. Cardamom grown in Nepali orchards has been classified and sent to the Ministry of Agriculture for official approval. Although cardamom has been cultivated in Nepal for a long time, the caste was not identified.
India has made its mark in the international arena. Cardamom grown in Nepal is also owned by India. Nepal has also identified a new variety of cardamom in the international market.
Although about 14 varieties of cardamom are cultivated in Nepal, only five varieties of cardamom are recommended now. According to the Cardamom Development Center, Fikal, the meeting of the caste approval and registration sub-committee has recommended the name of cardamom for registration. According to the center, five castes will be registered now and other castes will be recommended in phases. Now that the cardamom recommended to the government has been approved and registered in the Gazette, the caste is formally divided.
At present, it is recommended to register cardamom of Ramsai, Golsai, Dambarsai, Jirmale and Bharlange varieties as Nepali variety, said Padam Adhikari, Chief of Cardamom Development Center. “After the meeting of the Seed Seed Unveiling Committee chaired by the Agriculture Secretary and approving the names, the Nepali variety of cardamom will be completed,” the official said.
According to the chief official, cardamom of Ramsai variety is believed to have been cultivated in Nepal in 1850 BS. The cardamom, which produces 31 kg of transplants, is currently cultivated in 6,000 hectares. Another species cultivated at the same height, Varlange, is also cultivated especially in Pyang, Jamuna, Mabu and Gorkhe of Ilam. Cardamom of this variety, which produces 45 kg of transplants, is cultivated in 3,000 hectares of land.
It is said that the farmers are also very fond of another species like Dambarsai. Dambarsai cardamom, which was started at the rate of 35 kg transplantation started 170 years ago, has now been planted in an area of 1,500 hectares. This cardamom is also cultivated at an altitude of 600 to 1,200 meters.