Gurkha Contingent Singapore Police Force (GCSPF) was formed on 9th April 1949. Gurkha regiments of the British Indian Army were divided between the Indian Army and the British Army as per the terms of the Britain, India, Nepal Tripartite Treaty. Those transferred to the British Army were posted to other remaining British Colonies. In Malaya and Singapore, their presence was required in the Malayan Emergency, and their roles were to replace the Sikh unit in Singapore which reverted to the Indian Army on in the wake of Indian independence from the British Empire.
GCSPF their formation, their presence became an asset when racial riots between the Malay, European and Chinese Peoples. . The GCSPF member was again activated when major rioting erupted all over the country between the ethnic Malays and Chinese 21st July 1964 till September that same year on occasion Mohammed’s birthday. GCSPF main role was to control the racial conflict in Singapore.
That times their presence as a neutral force was important because local police officers were often perceived to be biased towards their own ethnic people. When handling race-related issues discontent and violence. Officers who attempt to carry out their duties impartially and in full accordance with the law also faced social backlash from their own ethnic communities It was very harmful to implement and enforce as a neutral force. Former Prime Minister of Singapore Mr Lee Kuan Yew counted this brave force GCSPF as an impartial force when the Singapore had just get independence. At that time mainly focused four groups of people European, Chinese, Malay and Indian. There may have long fight against each other ethnic people. Chinese police man shooting Malay and other ethnic group and Malay policeman shooting to Chinese and other ethnic group and same as other ethnic police people were shooting to other group of people same at that situation GCSPF role as a neutral armed force in Singapore.
Since 1949 GCSPF is serving as a neutral armed force in Singapore. Initially with 142 men, the contingent has deployed. Young brave men are recruited from Nepal under British Government as tripartite treaty. In history Nepalese Gurkha force was in the side of British Empire. When the British Movement start to make colonize to the world.
One of the British army troops was deployed in Gurkha Contingent Singapore as a Singapore Police force in Singapore still there have controlled under British rule in GC whereas their recruiting and retirement and other privilege are under British rule. The commander in Chief of GCSPF is British office from the beginning and till date in GCSPF.
In his autobiography, former Singapore former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew recounted the use of the Gurkha Contingent as an impartial force at the time when Singapore had just gained independence. He wrote:
When I returned to Oxley Road [Lee’s residence], Gurkha policemen (recruited by the British from Nepal) were posted as sentries. To have either Chinese policemen shooting Malays or Malay policemen shooting Chinese would have caused widespread repercussions. The Gurkhas, on the other hand, were neutral, besides having a reputation for total discipline and loyalty.