Boudhanath Stupa is one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal and the World, which is located in Kathmandu city. This Boudha Stupa was enlisted in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. It is also one of the most popular tourist areas in Kathmandu Valley. The 36-meter high stupa of Boudha is massive and dominates the skyline in the area, with countless monasteries around it. Boudha is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. Boudhanath Stupa is also one of the most basic structure stupas inside the world. This Stupa is a Buddhist landmark but there is no religious limit for the guests. This place is also known as the most blessed spot for the Tibetans outside Tibet.
The stupa of Boudhanath was renovated by Licchhavi rulers in the 8th century, which was built in the shape of a Mandala designed to replicate the Gyangtse. Boudhanath is also one of the major pilgrimage sites for the Buddhist religion around the world. The stupa is the ancient trade route from Tibet which enters the Kathmandu Valley. Tibetan merchants have rested and offered prayers at Boudha Stupa for many centuries. In the 1950s many refugees from Tibet entered Nepal and they decided to live around the Boudha Stupa.
We can see giant pairs of eyes on the four sides of the tower in every stupa. This means that eyes look in the four directions symbolize the all-around seeing of Buddha. These eyes are prevalent throughout the country and have become a symbol of peace. In Buddhism, there are two kinds of eyes; they are, first the inner eyes or an eye of the wisdom which sees the world of Dhamma, and this is also known as the Third eye of the Buddha. The other eye is known as outer eyes which are called material eyes that see the outer world. The square tower of the Boudha stupa is topped by a pyramid with 13 steps, representing the ladder to enlightenment. The triangular shape is the abstract form for the elements of fire. There is a gilded canopy on the top of the tower. The prayer tied the flags on the stupa which flutter in the wind, carrying mantras and prayers heavenward. The base of the stupa consists of three large platforms, decreasing in size which symbolizes Earth.
The main entrance to the upper platform of this stupa lies on the north side. Boudha stupa is surrounded by colorful homes, street vendors, and Tibetan Buddhists. We can find small shops where locally made materials are found around here. The street is narrow with the full of tourists people from different countries. People make rounds and rounds around the stupa wheeling 108 prayer wheels in the stupa. You can see all the wheels are craved with Om Mani Padme Hum. Also, we can see devote doing kora, while walking around the stupa praying.
This place hosts the largest celebration in Nepal during the festival of Loshar which is also known as Tibetan New Year which falls in February or March.